UVEITIS

Condition typically affecting patients 20 to 50


Condition

Uveitis is a swelling of the uvea, the center section of the eye made up of the iris, ciliary body and choroid. Causes of uveitis include allergens, virus, bacteria, chemicals and direct trauma to the eye.

Risk factors

Uveitis occurs most frequently in people ages 20 to 50. It is more common in women and more likely to develop with age.

conditions_uveitis_2Eye with anterior uveitis






Symptoms

Symptoms include:

- Red eyes

- Burning sensation

- Itchy eyes

- Discharge and/or tearing

- Blurry vision

- Sensitivity to light

- Floating dark spots in your field of vision

- Pain or soreness of the eye

conditions_uveitis_1

UVEITIS IS A SWELLING OF THE UVEA

the center section of the eye made up of the iris, ciliary body and choroid.


Treatment

Different types of uveitis are treated differently.

Iris or anterior uveitis is often a result of an autoimmune disorder such as rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis. Placing a warm cloth on the affected eye(s) for at least ten minutes, several times a day, best treats it. Prescribed pain relievers, in the form of pills or eye drops, may also be recommended. Eye drops can function as pain relievers, dilators to minimize motion and anti-inflammatories. Wearing sunglasses and hats can also help protect the eyes if they are sensitive to light. Treatment usually begins to make a difference within a few days to a week. Uveitis may recur if the underlying disorder is still present.

Posterior Uveitis is a less common type of uveitis that affects the retinal layers of the eye and usually arises after a viral or bacterial infection. Infants that were infected in the womb with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii (Toxoplasmosis) are prone to posterior uveitis for instance. Treatment addresses the underlying infection and the symptoms. The swelling remain for months and even years. Severe posterior uveitis can permanently damage eyesight.